The Shopping Mall and Its Impact on Society
The shopping mall occupies a central position in many modern cities and has an impact on daily life, social relationships, and the mobility of residents. The concept of a mall was initially idealized in the 1950s in the U.S., where people would flock to the new shopping complexes for the latest fashions and the best deals on designer items. But today, it has become a ubiquitous fixture that is a vital part of urban life.
Social segregation in shopping malls
There is a growing awareness of the impact of social segregation in shopping malls and the ways that the design of these structures can facilitate more mixed communities. While many large retailers are experiencing declines, other factors are fostering more diverse environments. For example, the Smart Growth movement is transforming US cities by promoting fine-grained integration of jobs and housing and open space in neighborhoods. This trend is not only beneficial to the economy, but to neighborhood health and well-being.
The concept of the shopping mall has spread to many other countries. In Chile, it was only in the early 1980s that shopping malls became a prominent part of urban life. As one of the earliest signs of globalization in Latin America, these buildings have changed the way people live, move about, and express themselves. In fact, Chile has the highest number of shopping mall surface area per inhabitant in Latin America.
Cost of building a shopping mall
The cost of building a shopping mall can range from $50 million to $250 million. A decent mall will require around 70,000 square meters of land. The size of the building will also depend on the type of tenants you plan to attract. The location of the mall and the tenants it will feature will also impact the cost. In the United States, the average cost of a two-story regional mall with three anchor stores is $180 million.
Typically, the cost of constructing a shopping mall depends on the type of design and layout. Building an A-grade commercial mall can cost anywhere from Rs2000 to Rs4000 per square foot. The amount of leasing rent will depend on the ratio of the Gross Leasing Area to the Built-Up Area of the mall. Generally, the higher the ratio, the higher the leasing rent will be. This means that building a shopping mall is a good investment, but it is not for everyone.
Size of a typical mall
The size of a typical shopping mall varies widely. A superior grade mall can be twice as large as a poor grade mall. Depending on the location, rent, and mall owners’ strategy, the average mall may have 50 to 100 stores. The size of the shops inside a superior grade mall depends on the demographic of the area. Here are some examples of typical mall shop sizes. This information can be used to determine how big your new mall should be.
Larger shopping malls are generally larger than small ones, making it easier to attract a broader tenant mix. They can also adopt modern mall management practices. As a result, foreign retailers typically occupy large spaces. However, total retail space in U.S. malls is expected to grow over the medium and long term, reaching 100 million square feet by 2015.
Impact of a mall on the surrounding comuna
The impacts of a shopping mall on the surrounding comuna are often poorly studied. In a recent study, we observed a marked increase in the sale of second-hand houses in the area surrounding a shopping mall. Moreover, we also observed a significant increase in new housing construction, which boosted the impact of the mall on the local area. The construction of a shopping mall has a profound effect on the surrounding comuna.
Shopping malls generally generate dense traffic during operating hours. Huge parking lots are filled with cars. As cars usually drive at a slow speed, they emit toxic exhaust that can pollute the air. The exhaust can also cause noise pollution for nearby residences. The presence of a shopping center may significantly impact the quality of the air in a community. Here are some of the most common impacts of shopping malls.
Potential for social mixing in a mall
To explore the potential for social mixing in a shopping mall, we use the HDI of the visited mall and the local comuna of residence. These two variables are highly related, but we can also calculate the difference between the visits of malls by individuals and malls by residents of the same comuna. Several correlations exist among the three variables. Pearson’s r is -0.49 when examining individual differences, 0.62-0.9 when considering mall visits per comuna of residence, and 0.9 when considering the sum of visits for individual and aggregated variables.
There is significant potential for social mixing in a shopping mall. Social mixing is important in a city, but this potential should be maximized by designing malls that promote accessibility for everyone. Several recent studies have addressed this issue, including those by L. Cohen, J. Goss, and C. Wakefield. The former viewed malls as new civic spaces that allowed people to mix with diverse groups, while Wakefield and Baker explored customer excitement in a mall.