Dental Prosthetics

Dental prosthetics restore oral health and beauty by replacing missing teeth and making discolored teeth look more attractive. They are fabricated from a variety of materials.

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Patients may receive verbal and written instruction when they acquire their prosthesis but comprehensive education requires the cooperation of multidisciplinary healthcare providers including dental hygienists, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists.

Bridges

Dental bridges are used to close gaps left by missing teeth. They typically use the natural teeth on either side of a gap (also known as anchor teeth) to serve as a “bridge” across the gap, with an artificial tooth placed in between. Bridges can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of these materials.

The traditional method for fitting a dental bridge involves creating crowns for the anchor teeth and then placing an artificial tooth in between them. However, sometimes there isn’t a natural tooth on both sides of the gap, and one solution is to use what’s called a cantilevered bridge. In this type of dental bridge, the artificial tooth is anchored to just one natural tooth on each side.

Before a dentist can fit you with a bridge, he or she will need to perform an oral exam and evaluate the condition of the anchor teeth. Dental x-rays and/or a CBCT scan may also be necessary to determine if the anchor teeth are strong enough to support a dental bridge.

If the anchor teeth are determined to be weak, the dentist can choose to add a supporting structure to the bridge. This can be done by using a composite resin or, in some cases, by sectioning the bridge and trying each of the abutments in individually. A spatial relationship is reestablished between each of the abutments and the bridge pontic, and the abutments are then soldered to the pontic and finally cemented in place.

Crowns

Crowns are custom-fitted caps that fit over the surfaces of natural tooth structures and dental implants, filling in the gaps left by missing teeth. They can be used to restore and improve the appearance of a damaged, decaying, or injured tooth, while also helping prevent bone loss in the jaw. In combination with bridges, they can replace multiple missing teeth.

They can be made from porcelain and ceramic for a more aesthetic appearance, or metal-alloy for strength and durability. Metal-alloy crowns can be gold, a high-gold alloy, or non-precious metals such as titanium or cobalt-chromium, which have the added benefit of being free from allergic reactions.

These types of crowns can be either cement-retained or screw-retained. Cement-retained crowns are fixed to the abutment with dental cement, while screw-retained crowns have a fixation screw attached to the lingual and occlusal surfaces of the crown. Screw-retained crowns are more stable, but are more difficult to remove for repairs or restorations.

Dentures are a type of removable dental prosthetics that can be partial or full. They are designed to look like your gums, and they can be worn on both the upper and lower jaw. They may feel uncomfortable or strange at first as your jaw and gums get used to them. However, with regular use and good oral hygiene, they can be comfortable and durable.

Dentures

If you’ve lost one or more of your teeth, we can provide dentures to help restore the natural shape and function of your smile. Dentures are removable appliances that replace missing teeth and the associated bone. There are two main types of dentures: partial and complete. Partial dentures replace several sporadically missing teeth, while complete dentures replace all of the teeth in the upper and/or lower dental arch.

The type of denture you choose will depend on your specific needs and budget. Dentures are usually made from acrylic resin and can be designed to look very realistic. They can also be made from porcelain which is more natural looking but more expensive and fragile requiring more frequent repairs and relining.

There are advantages to both types of dentures but they are not as secure as dental implants or natural teeth. The stability of a denture is based on how well the pink denture base (material) is in contact with the edentulous ridge, which consists of residual alveolar bone and overlying mucosa. The more of the ridge is covered by the denture, the better the stability.

Even though people become edentulous for many reasons, the best way to prevent bone loss is by replacing missing teeth with a dental bridge or implant. This will keep the jawbone healthy and prevent other teeth from shifting, which can cause complications such as poor speech inflections like sibilants and fricatives.

Implants

Implants replace missing teeth in the upper or lower jaw, and are a permanent solution. They look like natural teeth, so it is impossible for people to tell whether you have implants or not. They also function like real teeth, helping you eat and speak normally. In addition, missing teeth can lead to other dental problems, such as temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Replacing them will keep your mouth healthy and your smile intact.

When an implant is placed, the dentist surgically inserts a titanium fixture into the jawbone, which later bonds with it through a process called osseointegration. This procedure can cause pain and swelling for a few days. For this reason, you should eat soft foods during that time. Your dentist may prescribe pain medications to alleviate any discomfort.

After your dentist prepares the area by cleaning it, they take a mold of the tooth structure with an impression kit. The impression kit contains a special material that hardens in the presence of ultraviolet light. Then, the dentist sends the impression to a dental lab. The laboratory will use the information from the impression to create a prosthetic that fits your teeth perfectly.

The materials used for the dental prosthetics vary depending on the type of tooth replacement needed. For example, ceramic prosthetics are created by mixing porcelain powders and liquids into a base shape, then sculpting them and firing them at a high temperature to create a hard, natural-looking tooth shape. Other materials include acrylic, composite resin, Zirconia, and titanium.